The College of Agriculture & Environmental Sciences was established in 2005. The purpose was to produce graduates who are capable to contribute in the development of agriculture of the Southern Punjab. Agriculture is considered as the backbone of economy but crop production is difficult under arid and semi-arid conditions due to acute shortage of rain and irrigation water.
About 72% of the land area of Pakistan is considered arid and semi-arid, and about one third of the population of the country depends on deserts and other arid & semi-arid areas for their livelihood. The main cash crops of the irrigated area are wheat, cotton, mango and date.
The College is offering a four year degree program of BSc (Hons) in Agriculture with specialization in Agronomy, Soil Science, Horticulture, Agricultural Entomology, Plant Pathology and Plant Breeding & Genetics. MSc (Hons) program is being initiated from current academic session, whereas PhD program has been proposed to be offered in near future. The Cholistan Desert is approximately spread on area of 26,000 Sq. Km.
Average annual rain fall is 125-250 mm, while underground water is 25 to 100 m below ground level and is brackish. Different research projects of the college focus on the development of agricultural sector in arid and semi arid land of Cholistan desert.